Proper grounding of decoder systems is part of the installation that requires consideration. Properly grounded decoder systems perform very well even in high-lightning regions. Poor grounding often results in unnecessary equipment losses and irrigation down time.
Earth grounding rules for the I-Core decoder controllers are the same as for the conventional I-Core controllers. A large ground lug is provided for connection of bare copper wire to earth grounding hardware.
Hunter DUAL-S surge arrestors must be used on all DUAL two-wire systems. The DUAL-S surge arrestor attaches directly to the two-wire path to minimize the damage from lightning strikes. The amount of surge protection needed depends on how exposed the area is to lightning and on how well the installation needs to be protected. In addition to grounding the controller, the minimum recommended level of protection is one DUAL-S grounded at the end of each two-wire path and one DUAL-S grounded every 1000 ft/ 300 m or 12th decoder. For higher levels of protection, attach surge arrestors more often.
In-Line Surge Arrestor Installation
End of Line Surge Arrestor Installation
Similar to the DUAL decoders, the DUAL-S is sealed from moisture and should be placed in its own valve box. It is important that both the controller and the surge arrestors are grounded to ground rods or plates with less than 10 ohms resistance. Use grounding electrodes that are UL listed or meet the minimum requirements of the National Electrical Code (NEC) as well as local codes. At minimum, the grouding circuit for controllers will include a copper clad steel ground rod, or copper ground plate.
DBRY-6 Waterproof Connector, top view
Copper ground rods should have a minimum diameter of 5/8"/1.5 cm and a minimum length of 8 feet/2.5 m. There are to be driven into the ground at a location 8 to 10 feet/2.4 to 3 m from the equipment or wires connected to it, at right angles to the two wire path. Install all grounding circuit components in straight lines. When it is necessary to make bends, do not make sharp turns.
Copper grounding plate assemblies intended for grounding applications have minimum dimensions of 4" X 36" X 0.0625" (100 mm X 2.4 m X 1.58 mm). A 25 foot (8 m) continuous length (no splices allowed unless using exothermic welding process) of 6 AWG solid bare copper wire is to be attached to the plate using an approved welding process.
The earth to ground resistance measured should be no more than 10 ohms. If the resistance is more than 10 ohms, then additional ground plates and ground enhancement products, such as "Powerset" can be installed.